If you are planning to get the woodwork done in your home, and you have planned a visit to the timber yard, then you will left perplexed with the number of options and types of wood. Each of the categories of wood has its set of advantages and benefits, and if you are looking for the best purchase, then you must read ahead. Here we have discussed some of the points that you need to know before buying wood.
Here, Is Our Guide That Will Make This Mind-Boggling Task Easier And Beginners Will Not Burn Their Pockets While Dealing With The Big Boys.
#1. Learn How the Board Thickness Is Measured
Timber, hardwood, softwood, and other materials are measured in quarters, not in centimeters or inches. Now, these measurements will undoubtedly confuse you, and you’ll end up burning your pockets. Let’s dive into the basics of quarter measurements.
In the timber yard, 1-inch is termed as 4/4 which also means ‘’four quarter.’’ On the other hand, 2-inch will be termed as 8/4, also known as ‘’eight quarter.’’ When it comes to purchasing lumber, mostly you’ll find timber board with standard thicknesses like 5/4, 16/4, and 12/4.
Here, there are higher possibilities that you end up choosing the wrong timber board. Lumber boards are dried, and the measurements change slightly. This minor change can make a huge difference when you are buying lumber in bulk. For instance, if any lumber board is termed as 3/4, it would be actually around 7/8 quarter.
Here, if the measurement is slightly inaccurate, you’ll be charged the max possible in the timber yard. As lumber is a thin material, bargaining can save your pockets, never expect discounts from the retailers.
#2. Understand the Different Grades of Timber
Learning about different lumber grades is mind-boggling, and newbies will undoubtedly scratch their heads. Are you wondering what the meaning of lumber grades is? In simpler words, lumber grades mentioned is the maximum usable material from the board.
The thumb rule is higher the grade level, the lowest cracks and scratches in the board. The names of the top-notch timber boards will also vary according to the location of a timber yard.
When it comes to selecting the grade level, it would entirely depend on your woodworking project. For instance, if you are planning to install cabinets in your kitchen, look only for ‘Cabinet grade’ material. On the other hand, if you’ll need wooden for making furniture or decking, the highest grade material is only recommended.
#3. Know the Primary Wood Types
As you have already learned about the grades, it’s time for knowing the wood types. There are three common types of wood, Rift Sawn & Quarter, Plain sawn, and True Quarter sawn. Now, every wood type has its own characteristics, advantages, and disadvantages.
Plain swan wood is the most common type. It is also called as flatsawn and is not very expensive. The annual rings of this wood are at 30 degrees to the surface.
The quarter swan has a straight-line grain arrangement, which gives it’s a unique design and look.
Now comes the most expensive category, and that is the rift swan. It is dimensionally stable and has unique linear arrangement. This is not very commonly used.
However, around 90% of lumber you’ll find in the timber yard is plainsawn. Plainsawn is very common, cost-effective, and used for residential purposes.
Quartersawn is also one of the best wood types ideal for making cabinets, benchtops, dining table, and tabletops. Quartersawn is highly recommended for both commercial and residential flooring. Nevertheless, Quartersawn is identical to Riftsawn with minor angle differences.
Wrapping It Up
With these things and facts, you are all set to visit your nearest timber yard. Avoid visiting the small lumber yards because you’ll never find quality materials. It would be better if you ask for referrals from your colleagues and fellow friends.